Every year, on the fourth Thursday of November, people travel, families reunite and friends make plans to join together for a day of food, fellowship and gratitude. It’s Thanksgiving Day! The one meal we truly look forward to all year long. With all the tradition and history surrounding Thanksgiving, we thought we’d dig deeper to find some fun facts that you might not know about the holiday. Our list is suitable for the whole family. So, feel free to share these Thanksgiving tidbits around your table this year.
1. The Year of the First Thanksgiving was 1621
Giving thanks was a normal part of life for the pilgrims in Plymouth, Massachusetts. They had certain days set aside for such gratitude. It was a part of their religious and spiritual practices. However, those days of giving thanks did not generally include a feast. But in 1621, Governor William Bradford planned an extra special celebration to give thanks for their first successful harvest. He also wanted to honor the Wampanoag Indians who had helped the settlers learn to farm the land.
2. The First Thanksgiving Feast Lasted 3 Days
Governor Bradford planned the Thanksgiving celebration to include hunting, games, eating and other entertainment. In today’s tradition, the big meal is artfully prepared for hours, we sit and eat together for 30 minutes, then linger for a while and head home. However, the Pilgrims and Wampanoag Indians enjoyed three leisurely days of food and festivities.
3. The Original Menu was Quite a Bit Different Than the One We Have Today
Sadly, neither the Indians or the Pilgrims posted pictures of their Thanksgiving spread on Instagram. So, we can’t determine exactly what they ate that day. However, in some of their journals, the Pilgrims did mention a few aspects of the meal. One of the entries, by Pilgrim Edward Winslow said that the Indians had brought five deer to the celebration. They were likely cooked over an open fire. Winslow also wrote that Governor Bradford had sent several men out to hunt wild fowl before the feast. So, we know that, for sure, that wild birds and venison were on the first Thanksgiving menu. Similarly, it was noted that corn was abundant at the meal. Nobody was eating it on the cob though. Back then, the corn would have been ground, then boiled and used to make a type of porridge.
Some historians believe there was no turkey at all during the 1621 feast. Others speculate that wild turkeys may have been part of the “wild fowl” that Winslow referenced. It’s a possibility they were on the menu, but there’s no actual written evidence of it. Although there isn’t much more written accounts of what the Pilgrims and Indians ate during the festival, we do have a good idea of what might have been on the table.
Most Thanksgiving experts agree that the meal would have included lobster and mussels as well as bass and oysters. All of these seafood items were easy to come by in the area and would’ve been good choices to feed a large crowd. There were also plenty of vegetables (besides corn) that grew in the area of Plymouth. Those were onions, lettuce, leeks, carrots, cabbage and beans. Some common fruits were plums, blueberries, gooseberries and cranberries.
As far as dessert goes, there were no pumpkin pies at the feast. The pilgrims hadn’t yet built ovens and didn’t have wheat flour at that time. There is evidence that the Pilgrims did eat pumpkin, however. Some people have suggested that they used the outer part of the pumpkin to hold a type of honey-sweetened custard.
4. Sarah Josepha Hale was Known as the Godmother of Thanksgiving
Peggy Baker, the former director and librarian of the Pilgrim Society & Pilgrim Hall Museum, wrote an article titled “The Godmother of Thanksgiving: The Story of Sarah Josepha Hale.” In the article, Baker tells the story of a remarkable woman who began a crusade to declare Thanksgiving a national holiday in the United States.
In 1846, Hale, who was North America’s first female magazine editor, began speaking out in support of a national Thanksgiving holiday. Back then, Thanksgiving was an informal holiday in some parts of the country. The dates varied from state to state. Some states celebrated in October, others in December. It was more popular in the Southern states. Hale, who was also the author of the poem, Mary’s Lamb, started a campaign to declare the fourth Thursday of November a national holiday. She wrote editorials in newspapers, and she wrote a letter to U.S. President Zachary Taylor, requesting that he declare Thanksgiving a national holiday. He wouldn’t do it. So, Hale waited and wrote to President Millard Fillmore when he took office. No dice. Then, she wrote to presidents Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan and Abraham Lincoln. It was Lincoln who ultimately decided to push for legislation that would make Thanksgiving a national holiday in 1863. That was 17 long years after Hale had begun her quest. Her persistence enriched the U.S. with a well-loved Thanksgiving tradition.
5. U.S. Presidents Have Been Pardoning Turkeys Since 1963
Back in the late 1800s, Horace Vose, a poultry dealer from Rhode Island, began sending plump turkeys to the White House as annual gifts. Those birds were well-received by the first families. Other turkey farmers and organizations also sent well-fed turkeys to the presidents through the years. Generally, those birds were plucked and cooked. It was in 1963 that President John F. Kennedy decided to release his fowl gift instead of eating it. Then, in 1989, President George H.W. Bush began a more formal tradition of “pardoning” the turkey. Thanks to his example, successive presidents have followed suit and each year in November, the U.S. president presents a pardoned turkey (or two) to live out its turkey life on a farm, instead of being butchered and served on a Thanksgiving platter.
6. We Can Thank the Thanksgiving Holiday for the Invention of TV Dinners
In 1953, the Swanson & Sons food company made a hefty mistake. They overestimated the demand for Thanksgiving turkeys that year. Their error was so big that they ended up with a whopping 260 tons of surplus frozen turkeys thawing on freight cars. Yes, that’s 520,000 pounds of frozen poultry.
Some quick thinking on the part of a Swanson salesman named Gerry Thomas saved the company from a huge financial loss. Thomas had recently seen some airline food on a Pan American flight in divided aluminum trays. His wheels were turning when he suggested they portion out individual servings of turkey with gravy, cornbread stuffing, sweet potatoes and peas into the aluminum trays to sell as complete frozen meals. The Swanson company ordered 5,000 aluminum trays and got to work making the first TV dinners. (What did they have to lose?) In the first year that Swanson offered them, they sold 10 million turkey TV dinners. We’re thinking Thomas probably got a raise.
7. The Wishbone Tradition Has Been Around Since 322 B.C.
If you’re not familiar with it, the wishbone of the Thanksgiving turkey is generally considered good luck. Two people grasp the two sides of the wishbone from the Thanksgiving bird. They each tug on it. When it breaks, the person holding the largest piece of the bone gets to make a wish. The tradition actually goes way back to the time of the Etruscans, a wealthy civilization of ancient Italy. The Etruscans passed it onto the Romans. The Romans took the custom with them to England, and the English colonists carried the wishbone tradition across the ocean to America.
8. Most People Enjoy Thanksgiving Leftovers More Than the Actual Thanksgiving Meal
According to a poll taken by CNN, 79 percent of Americans surveyed report that Thanksgiving leftovers are more important to them than the Thanksgiving meal. Just don’t tell Grandma.
9. It Takes Around Five Hours to Cook a 20-pound Stuffed Turkey
In case you ever get elected to cook the family bird at Thanksgiving, plan on making a day of it. Cooking a typical turkey at 325 degrees Fahrenheit will take five hours. That’s not including the time it takes to prep the turkey, make the stuffing and let it cool before you carve it. Don’t plan on taking a nap while it’s in the oven, either. Most of the recipes for turkey instruct the cook to baste the bird every 20 to 40 minutes after it has cooked for a while. Now that’s a high-maintenance dinner.
10. The Average American Consumes 4,500 Calories on Thanksgiving
The Calorie Control Council did some research and found that the typical Thanksgiving meal contains around 3,000 calories. They found that, on average, Americans consume that 3,000 calories during the big meal and another 1,500 calories while nibbling on appetizers, drinks and snacks throughout the holiday. What’s worse? We’re also guilty of devouring 229 grams of fat on Thanksgiving. Now that’s a little much.
11. If You Have a Question About Cooking Your Turkey, You Can Call the Turkey Talk-Line
The Butterball company opens a special Turkey Talk-Line during the months of November and December, every year for people who are stumped in the kitchen. Butterball began offering this service in 1981. When they started, they had six home economists answering questions over the phone. Now, 36 years later, its army of more than 50 turkey experts fields more than 100,000 questions each holiday season. You don’t even have to buy a Butterball turkey to use the service. It’ll gladly help any home cook who needs a little advice.
Thanksgiving is a holiday steeped in tradition, family togetherness and gratitude. It’s also a special day with a lot of fun history and colorful stories. Whether you’re hosting a houseful of out-of-town relatives, serving meals at your local soup kitchen or meeting up with your closest friends and neighbors for a nice dinner, we hope this Thanksgiving holiday brings you warmth and joy. Happy Thanksgiving to you and yours.
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CNN – Thanksgiving by the Numbers – http://www.cnn.com/2012/11/21/living/thanksgiving-by-the-numbers/
Inquisitr – No Turkey at the First Thanksgiving? – https://www.inquisitr.com/1639242/no-turkey-first-thanksgiving-menu/
History – First Thanksgiving Meal – http://www.history.com/topics/thanksgiving/first-thanksgiving-meal
Epicurious – The Real Story of the First Thanksgiving – https://www.epicurious.com/holidays-events/the-real-story-of-the-first-thanksgiving-menu-recipes-article
Pilgrim Hall Museum – The Godmother of Thanksgiving – http://www.pilgrimhallmuseum.org/
White House History – Pardoning the Thanksgiving Turkey – https://www.whitehousehistory.org/pardoning-the-thanksgiving-turkey
Smithsonian Institute – How 260 tons of Thanksgiving Leftovers Gave Birth to an Industry – http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/tray-bon-96872641/
Butterball – Calculators and Conversions – http://www.butterball.com/calculators-and-conversions
Butterball – Turkey Talk-Line – http://www.butterball.com/turkey-talk-line
Calorie Control Council – Stuff the Bird Not Yourself – https://caloriecontrol.org/stuff-the-bird-not-yourself-how-to-deal-with-the-3000-calorie-thanksgiving-meal/